Bermuda Civil Aviation Authority

Safety Management System

Aviation safety has traditionally focused on compliance with regulatory requirements and corrective actions to prevent recurrence of incidents. As the industry continues to expand and develop, a different approach is needed to keep safety risks at an acceptable level. Safety management systems (SMS) are designed to complement regulatory compliance by the proactive use of good practices.

Sometimes situations arise where a hazard warrants controls that are beyond those of traditional regulation. SMS provides a set of processes to control hazards identified by the organisation through identification, assessment, analysis, prioritisation and safety improvement actions. Service providers and all their staff are responsible for the safe provision of their aviation services, therefore they must assess and, where appropriate, remove or mitigate any identified hazards. SMS looks to allocate sufficient resource to manage hazards not only within a service provider’s organisation, but throughout the whole aviation system.

Using SMS is simply adopting a business-like approach to safety, similar to the way that finances are managed. Unless a company experiences a loss, or critically assesses both the direct and indirect costs of an occurrence, the full implications are unlikely to be appreciated. The direct costs are usually easy to quantify, they include damage to the aircraft, compensation for injuries, disruption of services/activities and damage to property, and these are usually settled through an insurance claim.

BCAA has developed SMS Assessment Guidance document which will be used for assessing an organization’s SMS. It can be used for initial assessment or ongoing oversight. The guidance is based on a series of indicators to enable BCAA staff to assess the effectiveness of an organisation’s SMS. It has been designed to indicate the expected standard of an organisation’s SMS in terms of compliance with the SMS regulation and its performance to effectively manage safety risk. The SMS Assessment Guidance document can be found here.